1) It is believed that Machu Picchu was built was a royal home for Inca emperors and nobles. Others believe that it was once a women’s prison arena and even a defense area. It was also looked at as a retreat and home for one single emperor known as Pachacuti.
2) No one ever knew or had a record of Machu Picchu until the year of 1911. An American historian known as Hiram Bingham stumbled upon the city during that year. He believed that he had found the city known as Vilcabamba, the last Incan stronghold, and he gave quite the interesting account of the discovery.
|The Temple of the Sun|
3) Many excavations of this Incan site have revealed over 50 burial sites and over 100 skeleton remains. It was initially thought that the majority of the remains were female. This would indicate that Machu Picchu would have been matriarchal society. However this has been discredited since recent research shows that the ratio of males and females
4) Places in Machu Picchu such as The Three Windows, The Sacred Square, The Temple of the Sun, and The Intihuatana were all places used for rituals. These rituals would reveal impressive knowledge of the Incas in regards to physics and cosmology.
5) The Incas in Machu Picchu used an interesting technique to build the city structures. They would cut up the stones used for building with the best precision. Therefore the stones would not perfectly and no mortar was needed to bind them. As a result many of the city structures were highly resistant to events such as earthquakes. This method of building has also led researchers to speculate about extraterrestrial help given to the Incas since there was no modern technology back then. In one way or another they built a city whose ruins still stand today.
6) It is said that the people of the city were self-sustaining. Since the city was built high in the mountains it would be difficult for travelers to get to it. Farming terraces in the city area have also been known to add more speculation to this idea.
Since there is so much interest in Machu Picchu and the history of it is still a mystery it has been named as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. It was given this honor in July of 2007.
So come on down to Machu Picchu and go back to the ancient times of Peru.
Related post: Chan Chan – Peru’s Greatest Adobe City
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